This is a fast paced 3 day itinerary for Prague.
Day 1 - Prague Castle
Prague Castle - Roughly the size of seven football fields, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world. Built and renovated during 13 centuries, the complex includes churches, gardens, alleyways and royal residences that would take days to appreciate. Don't miss the St. Vitus Cathedral. In addition to Art Nouveau stained-glass windows and a wooden depiction of the crucifixion, it houses treasures like the tomb of St. John of Nepomuk — a blinding two-metric-ton vault that is held up by an army of silver angels.
Golden Lane - A street situated in Prague Castle. Originally built in the 16th century, to house Rudolf II's castle guards, it takes its name from the goldsmiths that lived there in the 17th century. Golden Lane consists of small houses, painted in bright colours in the 1950s. Today the lane is a part of the small and big castle rings (i.e. a fee must be paid to enter), while there is free entry after the Prague Castle interiors close. Many of the houses are now souvenir shops, and there is a museum of medieval armoury within the former 14th-century fortification accessible from Golden Lane.
Toy Museum - The Toy Museum at the Prague Castle is the second largest exposition of toys in the world, from ancient Greece to the present, collected from all over the world. It covers two floors and includes a large Barbie exposition.
Swans in Prague - In Prague, there are several places where you can feed the swans and enjoy the wonderful views. We recommend to go to the shore near the Museum of Kafka, with beautiful views of the Charles Bridge and the waterfront.
The Charles Bridge - The most famous bridge in Prague, and indeed, the Czech Republic – a 520-metre stretch of masonry that spans the River Vltava in serene fashion. Built between 1357 and 1402, the bridge (or 'Karluv most', as the Czechs call it) was the only way of crossing the Vltava without taking to the water for 460 years, despite a design that has left it consistently prone to flood damage. Made up of 16 shallow arches (and three elegant towers), it lies low to the river, almost seeming to rest upon it rather than rise over it.
Day 2 - The Old City
Old Town Square - The square features various architectural styles including the Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn, which has been the main church of this part of the city since the 14th century; the church's towers are 80 m high. Prague Orloj is a medieval astronomical clock located on the Old Town Hall. The clock was first installed in 1410, making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the oldest one still in operation. The Baroque St. Nicholas Church is another church located in the square, while the tower of the Old Town Hall offers a panoramic view of Old Town. An art museum of the Czech National Gallery is located in Kinský Palace.
The Spanish Synagogue - The Spanish Synagogue in Prague is known as the most beautiful synagogue in Europe. Set in the heart of the Jewish Quarter (Josefov), it is certainly a stunning sight.
The Spanish Synagogue was built in 1868 on the site of the oldest Prague Jewish house of prayer ("the Old Shul"). It was designed in a Moorish style by Vojtěch Ignátz Ullmann. Its interior, including the stained glass windows, were designed by the architects A. Baum and B. Munzberg, and completed in 1893.
Old Jewish Cemetery - One of the most important Jewish historical monuments in Prague. It served its purpose from the first half of 15th century till 1786. Renowned personalities of the local Jewish community were buried here; among them rabbi Jehuda Liva ben Becalel – Maharal (ca. 1526–1609. During the more than three centuries in which it was in active use, the cemetery continually struggled with the lack of space. Piety and respect for the deceased ancestors does not allow the Jews to abolish old graves. Only occasionally the Jewish Community was allowed to purchase grounds to expand the cemetery and so many times it had to gain space in other ways; if necessary, a new layer of soil was heaped up on the available area.
Museum of Alchemy - Visitors have the first opportunity to see places, where alchemists produced elixir of eternal youth, Philosopher's Stone and non-precious metals changed into gold. The newly opened alchemical laboratories were discovered during the reconstruction of one of the oldest historical buildings in Prague on the street Haštalská number 1. This building is listed by UNESCO and by miracle this one has been preserved after the demolition of the Jewish quarter at the end of 19th century.
Žižkov Television Tower - Following a complete reconstruction of the interior, an observatory was opened. It is located 93 meters high above ground and it’s the only tower in Prague that offers a 360° view of the metropolis. Opening hours are from 8 a.m. till midnight, so guests can marvel at the view not only during the day, but also at night when Prague becomes truly magical.
Day 3 - Petrin Hill
Museum of Miniatures - Micro miniature is an art genre that began to disseminate in late 1980s. The basic feature of this art is impossibility to see the work of art with naked eye and the necessity to view it through an optical device such as a microscope or a magnifying glass. Today the Miniature Museum in Prague manages one of the largest collections of micro miniatures in the world, including 29 exhibits. The collection includes works by three authors: Nikolai Aldunin (1956–2009), Edward Ter Ghazarian (1923–2012) and Anatoly Konenko (*1954).
Petrin Hill & Observation Tower - Built as a mini version of Paris's Eiffel Tower, the Petrin Observation Tower was built in 1891 for the Jubilee Exhibition. The tower is 60m tall, which doesn't seem particularly high until you add in the fact that it sits at the summit of Petrin Hill, which is 318m (1043 feet) high. Climb the 299 steps to reach the top of the tower and the view over Prague is magnificent. On a clear day it is possible to see the highest peak in the Czech Republic, Snezka, which is 150km away.
Wenceslas Square - One of the main city squares and the center of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. Many historical events occurred there, and it is a traditional setting for demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. The square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. It is part of the historic center of Prague, a World Heritage Site.